Situated on the west coast of Africa, Cameroon is bordered to the west by the
Gulf of Guinea, to the northwest by Nigeria, to the northeast by Chad (with
Lake Chad at its northern tip), to the east by the Central African Republic and
to the south by Congo, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea.
The far north of the country is a semi-desert broadening into the vast Maroua
Plain, with game reserves and mineral deposits. This is bordered to the west by
the lush Mandara Mountains. The Benue River rises here and flows westwards into
The official languages are
French and English. They are given equal importance in the Constitution but
French is the more commonly spoken. Spanish is spoken in some urban centers.
Pidgin English is widely spoken, particularly in coastal areas. Around 250
different African languages are also spoken.
It has two major cities; Douala and Yaoundé’
Yaoundé, is the capital city of Cameroon and second largest city in the country
after Douala. It lies in the centre of the nation at about 750 metres (2,500
ft) above sea level.
Nsimalen International Airport is a major civilian hub, while nearby Yaoundé
Airport is used by the military. Railway lines run west to the port city of
Douala and north to N'Gaoundéré. Many bus companies operate from the city,
particularly in the Nsam and Mvan neighborhoods. Travel time by road between
Douala and Yaounde is approximately 3 hours. Traffic in the city can be heavy
during weekdays, but is very little during the weekends.Yaounde has made a
great progress in infrastructure especially road construction.
Douala is the largest city in Cameroon and the capital of Cameroon's Littoral Province.
Home to Cameroon's largest port and its major international airport, Douala
Airport, it is the commercial capital of the country. Consequently, it handles
most of the country's major exports, such as oil, cocoa and coffee, as well as
trade with Chad. It is also home to the Eko Market, the country's largest
The city is divided into quarters with Akwa and Bonajo being the most important
with Akwa being Douala's nightlife center and Bonanjo its center of commerce
and administration. Along the city's main thoroughfare lie some of Cameroon's
best restaurants, coffee houses and French-style patisseries; along the
waterfront, many bars and bistros may be found, commanding views of the Gulf of
Guinea and nearby mangrove swamps. Many of these are frequented by the city's
large expatriate population, mainly French or Lebanese, most of whom work in
the petroleum industry.